DC Commissioner for UN Affairs Jamal Qaiser at the United Nations General Assembly 2016 in New York

Recommendations to solve the Rohingya Crisis

INTRODUCTION

Global antiquity reveals that many theorists, neo-liberals, neo-realists, idealists and conservatives have presented miscellaneous opinions and slants regarding the convergent analysis of global cooperation being the basis for human morality and have devised multiple frameworks concerning international peace and security imperative for promoting sustainable social and economic progress worldwide by taking actions on issues confronting humanity.

Woefully and unfortunately it’s a hard reality that history is still on a repetition mode as on one hand ink and pixels are being spilled, chronicling and documenting the growing humanitarian crisis and on the other hand ruthless episodes of brutality and violence continue to propagate and nurture.

Instead of realizing the attribute that

“The more you sweat in peace the less you bleed in war”

the world of today is engrossing towards squabbles, antagonism, hostilities, provoking conflicts and clashes thus diminishing basic human ethics and resultantly disparaging the worth of amity and harmony. Peace is a continuous process, a daily, a weekly, a monthly, a yearly phenomenon, gradually changing views and opinions of masses, slowly eroding old barriers and paving way for remolding and building up new structures in decades of time for humanitarian betterment.

REFUGEE CRISIS, A HINDERANCE UNDERPINNING WORLD PEACE PROCESS

History claims that refugee crisis has served as a pivotal in leading the world towards instability and violence. From the economic slowdowns in emerging markets to the ever rising number of terrorists, from inter-state conflicts to intra-state social insecurities and lawlessness, all are the result of spillover effects of influx of refugees, migrants and asylum seekers. Refugee crisis not only brings about humanitarian implications but also possesses the tendency to give way to security implications. Factually connoting refugee crises in Syria, Ethiopia, Libya and other part of the worlds has produced enormous social, economic and political effects on countries who had either temporarily or permanently hosted the refugees. According to an estimate of UN High Commissioner for Refugees, in 2017, nearly 65.6 million people were forcibly displaced worldwide as a result of persecution, conflict, or human rights violations alone.

ROHINGYA CRISIS

The Rohingya crisis is a refugee boat dilemma which caught the attention of international podium in the second half of May 2015 when the government of Myanmar state sponsored religious and ethnic discrimination against the Muslims of Burma. The Rohingya crisis highlights both humanitarian and security implications as huge exodus of the world’s largest stateless population is expected to infiltrate in different regions of Southeast Asia.

HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE

According to historians Rohingyas are descendants of Arab, Turkish or Mongol traders and soldiers who in the 15th Century migrated to Rakhine state, previously known as the Kingdom of Arakan. For centuries this Muslim minority lived peacefully alongside Buddhists in the independent kingdom and according to historians some of them were even advisors to Buddhist royals and were among government functionaries. In 1784 the kingdom was conquered by the Burmese and later by the British following the first Anglo-Burmese war held from 1824-1826. Under the British rule, a large number of this minority started working as farmers and later as military recruits. By 1830s there was a massive influx of Muslim peasants from Bengal, mostly in the agriculture sector. Sources claim that by 1912, more than 30 percent of the total population of Arakan state was Muslims, up from five percent in 1869. Tensions between the minority Rohingya Muslims and the Myanmar’s Buddhist majority date back to the beginning of British rule in 1824.Following their divide-and-rule policy; the British colonists benefited Muslims at the expense of other groups. They not only recruited them as soldiers during World War II but also pitting them against Buddhists aligned with the Japanese as the war played out on Burmese soil. Both British and Japanese armies exploited the enmity and hostility in the local population to achieve their own military objectives. The status of Rohingya Muslims was fortified in 1947 when a new Constitution was drafted which enshrined this minority with full legal and voting rights, which would be later confiscated hence rendering them stateless. In 1962 military coup ushered in a new span of vicious ferocity and brutality. The country’s religious and ethnic minorities like the Rohingya did not fare well and suffered greatly.

THE 1982 CITIZENSHIP LAW

Rohingya’s were rendered stateless in 1982 under Myanmar’s Citizenship Law when the Burmese Junta ordered a new law on citizenship which required the minorities to prove they lived in Myanmar prior to the first Anglo-Burmese war in 1823 for acquiring nationality. Resultantly the Rohingyas were not recognized as one of the country’s 135 official ethnic groups which automatically denied them not only of citizenship but also of civil rights, extortion and arbitrary taxation, access to social services, marriage restriction and limitation on number of children , confiscation of properties thus effectively rendered them as being stateless.
The 20th century saw a series of military crackdowns against this minority group: in 1978 and 1991-2, which prompted thousands of them to flee to Bangladesh. When the Junta was dissolved in 2011, the country saw a drastic rise in Buddhist extremism which further sidelined the Rohingya’s status and marked the starting point of the latest prevailing tensions.

RECENT UPMOUNTINGS

Tensions mounted again in October 2016, when a small and previously unknown militant group — the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA) — staged a series of deadly attacks on Burmese military forces. The army responded with a massive security crackdown, sparking huge number of refugee arrivals into Bangladesh. On August 25, 2017, ARSA again launched an early morning attack on army installations in Rakhine, triggering a brutal military campaign in response. The security forces and military troops started burning down villages and killing innocent civilian population. According to an estimate of United Nations nearly 360,000 Rohingya’s have fled into Bangladesh since August as a result of military atrocities.

ROLE OF BURMA’S FAMOUS POLITICAL FIGURE SUU KYI

Nobel laureate Suu Kyi, the Myanmar Government’s de facto head, since the national elections of 2015 has expressed very little publically regarding the Rohingya’s ongoing exodus to Bangladesh and has refused to condemn the military activities taking place in the region. According to sources even in the telephonic conversation with the Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan she put the blame on “terrorists” in the Rakhine State and summarized the whole scenario in terms of “iceberg of misinformation”. She withdrew from her visit to the United States in September for United Nations General Assembly, probably to avoid criticism from international leaders against her policies and brutal actions. Hence Suu Kyi’s tenuous hold on power and cruel mentality has led to this catastrophe.

RECOMMENDATIONS FOR RECONCILIATION

Establishment of an indigenous investigation team to look into violations of international human rights law and human rights abuses in the wake of the 2012 ethnic violence between Buddhists and Rohingya Muslims in Arakan state in accordance with the United Nations Charta.

Instantaneous removal of blockade of aid like food, medical supplies and and other essential items by the government into the Rohingya IDP camps.

Provide access of safe passage to humanitarian and relief agencies into Rohingya IDP camps.

Immediate uplifting of discriminatory policies and restrictions such as on movement, marriage, holding property, taxation thus providing freedom and ease to live. Myanmar‘s policy for minorities requires to be in line with international human rights framework.
A policy transformation in the official attitude towards the minorities by acknowledgement of their narrative of history, upholding of respect for all forms of diversity and accepting their legal and social rights.

All world leaders’ particularly Asian leaders should call on the Myanmar army and force them to cease their clearance operations in Rakhine State. Every world leader who holds any meeting with Suu Kyi must emphasize on this brutal crisis basing upon humanitarian grounds.

Regional governments like those of China, India and Bangladesh should pledge to the Myanmar government that they will provide full support and cooperation to them in locating and arresting Rohingya militants if any such evidence is found.

International humanitarian architecture should play its role to allow UN investigation teams, aid workers, and journalists to operate freely for welfare.

Religious scholars should also actively work for the cause as no religion allows such coercive acts. Pope Francis who is scheduled to visit Myanmar in November should make pleas to Suu Kyi and the Burma government and take positive stand in favor of Rohingya Muslims.

The Constitution of Myanmar needs arbitration and requires recognizing scores of stateless people living within the country, and make amendments and alterations to not only provide them citizenship status but also generate religious, legal, social and economic space for the recognition of their basic human rights. To fulfill the purpose, the 1982 Citizenship Law warrants immediate modification for removal of discriminatory clauses against Rohingya Muslims and other minorities in the region, and accord them citizenship status to enable them to enjoy their fundamental rights in a civilized, democratic country.

CONCLUSION

The circumstances in Myanmar are snowballing enormously into a major humanitarian crisis, and have begun to have ripple effects over the region in terms of rebirth of transitional crimes, insecure state borders, social impacts on hosting countries religious, ethnic and cultural balance etc. Despite international provisions, treaties, global conventions and other diplomatic measures to prevent the occurrence of atrocities, crimes and fiercely actions on civilians, violence against Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar continues unabated. In case of Myanmar, strengthening and rebuilding its commitment to democratic ideals, human rights and Rule of Law, should not be under limitation of just providing immediate security and relief to the suffering Rohingyas, as it is the bare minimum possible i feel. It must include a long-term, permanent and accountable stratagem that helps integrate the Rohingyas and other minorities; recognizing their sacrifices and contributions to the country thus creating spaces for every person, without discrimination and giving full expression of speech to his or her potential, free from any fear, resultantly leading the peace and tranquility to prevail around the globe.

DC Commissioner for UN Affairs Jamal Qaiser at the United Nations General Assembly 2016 in New York

Stop the Proliferation of Atom Bombs

Statement on the proliferation of Atom Bombs by DC Commissioner for UN Affairs Mr. Jamal Qaiser

INTRODUCTION: During the past decades life expectancy doubled as enormous life threatening diseases got uprooted and eradicated. This paved way to an era of new horizon. But we should not become an “owl in the day” and only praise scientific and technological discoveries. Considering the darker aspect of the sight, we have devalued the life quality improving measures by advancing in nuclear technology and building nuclear bombs, a human invention possessing the tendency of destroying life on earth in an instant. Just with a trigger or button-press life can transform to death. People owing to nuclear Armageddon fear, link the power of atom synonymous with global destruction.

HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE: Factual analysis procures that the advancement in nuclear physics in 1898 by Pierre and Marie Curie, discovering pitchblende, an ore of uranium and services to nuclear physics by Ernst Rutherford and Fredrick Soddy deserve significant blame in heading today’s world towards the present climacteric situation, where there is no room left for complicacy.

Winston Churchill speculated its lethal and fatal military implications and in 1924 connoted “Might not a bomb no bigger than an orange be found to possess a secret power to destroy a whole block of building- nay to concentrate the force of a thousand tons of cordite and blast a township at a stroke.”

Expressing the scenario in this perspective Leo Szilard who in 1934 patented the idea of nuclear chain reactions via neutrons, Irene and Frederic Joliot Curie who discovered artificial radioactivity in 1934, Otto Hann and Fritz Stassman who detected Barium in 1938 after bombarding uranium with neutrons and mainly the scientists at Columbia University who on January 25, 1939 conducted a successful first nuclear experiment in US which gave passage to the identification of an active uranium isotope U-235, fall under the blame game zone. But this deems unjust. Political factionalism is the keystone and fundamental linchpin that paved way to enriching uranium, polonium and flourishing weapon grading systems. Credit of bolstering in the field of nuclear technology goes to both physicists and political legislature/public office bearers. So rather than being a direful fission reaction, it’s a binary fusion- fission reaction, involving a game of two notations, one being scientific advancements and the other being nuclear armament race for political acumen.

CIRCUMSTANCS INSINUATING NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION URGE: The Manhattan project led by US and the attack on Pearl Harbor enlivened the desideratum of nuclear armament for national defense, security and indemnity. During the era of World War 2 on July 16, 1945, first nuclear test with code name “trinity” was successfully conducted in New Mexico. On July 26, 1945 Potsdam declaration was issued to Japan containing an ultimatum to either surrender or otherwise face utter destruction. On August 6, 1945 the world underwent the biggest catastrophic situation when uranium graded nuclear bomb coded as “little boy” was detonated above the Japanese city of Hiroshima and after a gap of three days polonium based weapon was dropped down at Nagasaki exploding the yield of around 12,500 tons of TNT. The two atomic raids killed around 75 thousand Japanese where as tens of thousands died later owing to radiation sickness and destroyed nearly 50,000 building.

In the mean time nuclear anxiety spread across Europe expedite and wealthy industrialized states of that time like Italy, Sweden etc started working to explore nuclear option anxiously.

MEASURES FOR CURBING NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION

Taking into consideration the destructions that would be visited upon in case of a nuclear war and perceiving that the proliferation of nuclear arms would seriously enhance the vulnerability to life, a resolution at the United Nations General Assembly was passed calling for the conclusion of an agreement on the prevention of wider dissemination of nuclear technology.

THE INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY (IAEA)

The IAEA was established by a unanimous resolution of United Nations in 1957 with the aim of assuring that international community honors the treaty and uses nuclear technology for peaceful progression. The IAEA was authorized to inspect and maintain a check and balance on material accountability, Physical security and containment and surveillance of nuclear material

NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION TREATY (NPT)

In the year 1968 a treaty named Nuclear Proliferation Treaty was opened for signature to curb nuclear proliferation and in 1970 it entered into force. According to United Nations Office for Disarmament affairs (UNODA), USA, USSR, UK, France and China are the five states possessing nuclear technology out of total 191 signatories till 1995.

NPT AS A NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION SAFEGUARD

NPT serves as a commitment that the countries would neither transfer nuclear weapons nor assist non-nuclear states in attaining this technology. The treaty is reviewed on five yearly bases. NPT has been a perceptible international success in curtailing civil uranium for military uses. NPT stipulates and pursuit negotiations in good faith taking into consideration the cessation of nuclear arms race. It permits peaceful usage of nuclear energy which can contribute positively to mankind.

Only four recognized sovereign states India, Pakistan, Israel and are not parties to this treaty. Though they have attained nuclear capability after 1967 but they would need to dismantle their nuclear weapons and place nuclear material under international protection before signing in the NPT, the pathway only adopted by South Africa up till today. In short, the treaty has not been properly abided and is facing mounting challenges.

INDIA

India conducted nuclear tests in 1974. Though India indulged in dialogical process with NPT but didn’t join it criticizing it as discriminatory. India’s nuclear test gave momentum to Pakistan’s nuclear aspiration.
PAKISTAN: Pakistan’s nuclear program was successfully completed in 1975 when Dr. Qadir Khan launched a centrifuge plant at Kahuta. In May 1988 Pakistan conducted five nuclear tests.

ISRAEL

Israel according to some sources developed nuclear technology in 1960’s with assistance from French firms at Dimona but has not conducted nuclear tests publically as its arsenal.

NORTH KOREA

North Korea possesses active nuclear weapons program and has tested nuclear explosive devices in 2006, 2009, 2013 and 2016. Being capable of enriching Uranium and producing weapon grade polonium, North Korea has deployed ballistic missiles and in January 2003 Pyongyang withdrew from the treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear weapons (NPT) for the sake of not allowing the country’s security and the dignity to be infringed upon. In December 2015 Kim Jong Un claimed to possess thermonuclear capabilities and on September 3, 2017 North Korea conducted its sixth nuclear test stating it to be a thermonuclear weapon/hydrogen bomb. This test soared tension and prompted great international condemnation.

IRAN

Iran endorsed NPT in 1970, describing its nuclear program subject to the IAEA’s verification; hence she has been in talks over its nuclear program with world powers. In 2006 the UN Security Council passed resolution 1696 and imposed sanctions on Iran after its refusal of suspension of its undergoing uranium enriching programs because that might trigger an arm race in the Middle East. In 2015 the Islamic Republic of Iran and the five world power :P5+1 (the permanent members of United Nations Security Council), signed a framework agreement which hindered Iran’s pathways to nuclear weapon armament and in return was given an incentive of uplifting of economic sanctions from Tehran.

NUCLEAR NON-PROLIFERATION

Nuclear non-proliferation is a set of measures and restrictions that may aid in culminating the nuclear weapon technology and minimizing the existing stockpiles of nuclear weapons. To reach this milestone we need to draft a global alliance for developing a system of layered nuclear fuel assurance for combating nuclear terrorism. Valuing International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), NPT, Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), Zangger Committee and modeling new emboldened nuclear arm control treaties and recognizing their worth can play positively for nuclear elimination.

ASPECTS LINKED TO NUCLEAR DISARMAMENT

Here a question arises:
Can we permanently get rid of terribly devastating consequences that we might have to face in future by dint of nuclear terrorism?

Technically, off course. Definitely we can. And moreover we can achieve this target cordially and amicably with unity. Rather than implying any harsh non-proliferation action like Operation Opera of 1981,in which Israel destroyed nuclear reactors in Iraq through air strikes, international political architecture possess the tendency to address this agenda and override its vulnerability through negotiations and dialogical process, keeping aside the status quo for the sake of economic bloom/escalation imperative for global burgeon and progression.

The following measures may prove fruitful in this regard:

A peaceful, stable and individualistic forum trusted worldwide which ensures absolute prohibition of nuclear technology use for military purpose.

Formulization of an international security system based on global mutual trust, equality and cooperation for aided countries in nuclear disarmament in a diplomatic manner.

Establishment of an international nuclear fuel bank where nuclear states may fabricate their nuclear assets and then that material could be used as a source of energy for peaceful scientific advancements.Use of thorium fuel cycles which would limit the production of destructive uranium isotope with time.

Burning out the material in nuclear reactors and converting it into electricity for generating cheap power source.
The states possessing nuclear arsenals should disarm themselves gradually giving a positive message to the others.
All nuclear weapon states should renounce the nuclear deterrence policy and imply legal instruments in this regard.
Both nuclear-bearing and non-nuclear weapon states should agree to use nuclear technology for peaceful advancements and forgo the “nuclear umbrella” policy.

CONCLUSIONDC Commissioner for UN Affairs Jamal Qaiser at the United Nations General Assembly 2016 in New York

The terribly devastating consequences brought up by the nuclear bombings upon Hiroshima and Nagasaki reminds us of its deadly ruinous and irreconcilable impacts. Secondly, the currently prevailing North Korean issue also holds nuclear armament as a base root. As a matter of fact recent trends have brought the nuclear non-proliferation regime to a moment of grave crisis. Bolstering international restraints on the world’s deadliest weapon requires such realistic and concrete steps which strengthens and rebounds the existing treaties, partnerships and institutions. The need of the hour is to draft a global alliance for developing a system of layered nuclear fuel assurance for combating nuclear terrorism, improving economic stats rather than military strengthening, resulting in improvement in the life of a common man by reduced poverty rate.

As it is said “a man with a hammer sees every problem as a nail”

So, I being a modest political technologist and tranquility promoting social leader feel nuclear non-proliferation a key to global peace and harmony conductive to increased trade linkages and lessened derogatory relations among nations imperative for global opulence and prosperity.

Machines and Humans

Digitalization transforms our world

Thi Thai Hang Nguyen, Secretary General Diplomatic Council, based on research from The Diplomatic Council Otto Schell Institute for Digital Transformation

Carl Frey and Michael Osborne from Oxford University have examined how susceptible jobs are to computerization and digitalization. According to their estimates, 47 percent of total US employment is at risk.

Over the past decades already, computers have substituted for a number of jobs – for example – bookkeepers, cashiers and telephone operators. Some sectors such as the insurance sector will be especially affected according to these two scientists – with an estimated computerization rate of 92%-98%.

The most radical technological revolution within human history

The insurance industry stands as an example for a sector that will obviously face the most radical technological revolution within human history – as a number of other branches. What happens with the bus and taxi drivers once the self-driving cars have taken over? What about the brokers, bank employees, lawyers or administration staff? The digitalization transformation is going to destroy millions of jobs, especially in the white-collar sector.

The digitalization and progresses in artificial intelligence are going to change our world in a dramatic way – In the race to make computers more intelligent than us – We – the human beings, the most intelligent species on earth until now, will become superfluous in a world of smart machines.

We are about to code ourselves into oblivion – Yet it seems the persons in charge still misjudge the menacing risks but also ignore the opportunities and benefits.

The Diplomatic Council Institute for Digital Transformation has recently been established to raise awareness for the political and social impacts arising from digitalization and artificial intelligence.

The risks of digitalization can be absorbed if political leaders prepare our society for this upcoming revolution. Instead of fixing minimum wage for jobs that will no longer exist in the near future, it would be more urgent to provide re-training measures for those jobs. And also the leaders in business and society have to assume accountability. Digitalization will definitely bring advantages to many people but about the “losers” in this development?

Common responsibility to leave no one behind

It is our common responsibility to leave no one behind as we head towards the most dire threats of the 21st century. The Diplomatic Council believes that within the next years and decades the following subjects must be dealt with:

• Shared and connected economy: Smart network connecting borders, humans and machines such as social networks, energy grids, digital healthcare system

• Technology as an enabler with Internet of Things as network and platform such as 3D printing, virtual und augmented reality

• Software and data in transactional and analytic processes such as data analytics, AI, realtime business, digital everywhere

• Digital governance (guidance, standards, safety, security)

• Education governance.

The governments have to make sure that their state education systems prepare the population for new professions in the emerging sectors starting from primary school to retraining/re-education. And also companies should think about their own positions in these future areas and act accordingly.

THE DIPLOMATIC COUNCIL IS TAKING RESPONSIBILITY

The Diplomatic Council, as a United Nations accredited global think tank and business network, we consider it our responsibility to raise awareness for these groundbreaking changes we are facing within the next decades. It is of utmost importance that both the risks and benefits of digitalization are known to everyone so we are well-prepared what lies ahead of us.

We all, politicians, scientists, entrepreneurs and all persons concerned, we have to make digilisation part of the political agenda, not only the scientific agenda. This is something that shouldn’t be left to scientists and private corporations.

We are talking about the future course of humankind so all of us – we must work hand in hand – together – to ensure a smooth transition to the next stages of mankind.

Human Touch in a Digital World

It’s a Digital World. How to Keep the Human Touch Alive. Thanks to modern technology, we may have more time to focus on relationships.

Melissa Lamson, president and CEO of Lamson Consulting, a global leadership expert with experience in more than 40 countries is, interviewed Annika von Redwitz, Chairwoman of the Diplomatic Council Global Diversity Program, and Otto Schell, CEO The Diplomatic Council Otto Schell Institute for Digital Transformation.

These days, pretty much everywhere you turn, there’s talk of digitalization–in how we travel, the products we buy, and how we pay for them. The trend is sweeping the world, many industries at a time. And with it, come a lot of fears.

Fears of security. Fears of machines replacing humans in the workforce. Fears of a loss of jobs. Some people are cynical, wondering if machines will really be reliable as workforce partners to get the job done.

I spoke with Otto Schell, founder of The Diplomatic Council Otto Schell Institute for Digital Transformation, and he feels strongly, “We must remain open to digitalization as it is rapidly enveloping us. Humans need not fear exclusion by Artificial Intelligence (AI), but understand we need to harness it and engage proactively by setting and maintaining the economic and social governance for our co-existence.”

A Diversity colleague of mine, Annika von Redwitz, and I are very interested in understanding what digitalization will do to the way the workforce builds relationships and interacts with each other–particularly in a diverse, globalized, and multicultural world. We spoke about whether or not digitization will make human connectivity obsolete.

For her, the answer is no. It may be even more important.

Below are the highlights of our conversation.

ML: Annika, what is digitalization exactly?

AR: Today, many businesses are looking at transforming their organizations to stay competitive in a fast-changing market. They may be moving from a product-oriented to a service-oriented business model, or adding new online services to their existing products.

ML: So, it sounds like digitalization is a significant evolution from humans using technology as a tool to, now, programming machines to run the business autonomously. Is that what makes the concept unique today in your mind?

AR: In the nineties, the concept of reengineering came up and described how companies re-invented their business processes with help of the Information Technology available at that time. A lot of manual work was automated, enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems became the standard.

Today, we call this “digital transformation”–for example, the Internet of Things, connecting machines with each other, or Artificial Intelligence doing things human would have otherwise done. But it is a more radical shift than in the last century.

ML: Annika, if our job is to help leaders and teams work with people more efficiently and effectively, will that even be needed in the future?

AR: It won’t become obsolete. In fact, digitalization will offer new ways for human beings to interact with each other.
Ideally, thanks to modern technology, employees will have more time to focus on strategic and complex tasks. And, remember, robots are programmed by humans, so it is important that diverse teams (of humans) work well together to develop those algorithms.

ML: So, it sounds like we may be needed more than ever! If humans don’t need to focus on machines and simple tasks they need to do using technology, all they’ll need to focus on is human interaction.

AR: That’s right.

ML: If an organization is looking at digital transformation what are the first steps?

AR: It depends on the size and age of the company. According to the book, “Radical Business Model Transformation,” traditional companies need to analyze their status quo and enable established products and services to co-exist with new offerings.
Leaders need to establish “a corporate culture based on mutual trust, support and curiosity. „They need to be able to explain the vision and purpose of digitalization, and keep communicating those goals in a positive way.
In other words, never underestimate the power of good ol’ fashioned communication.

Published on Sep 5, 2017, by Melissa Lamson in Inc.com

Dieter Brockmeyer

A Discussion about Fake News

Dieter Brockmeyer

Dieter Brockmeyer, DC Chairman Global Media Forum

I did not want to write about this issue. However, everybody does and the impact of this discussion made me rethink:

It’s a pest indeed, the sudden rise of so-called fake news distributed via the internet and social media channels trying to influence public opinion. Authorities are panicking and their reactions may even prove dangerous to our societies, more dangerous than the fake news themselves. Passing legislation making platforms block and/or erase fake news and their authors is censorship that opposes the right of free speech! This right is essential to democratic societies granting to express your opinions and beliefs, even if it is mere nonsense. There are other and better ways to tackle the problem:

Yes, in digital environments also nonsense spreads rapidly. On the other hand, they also react to nonsense at the same speed. The impact of fake news is limited since almost immediately another wave of corrections will be out. The problem is only for those serious media adopting too fast and un-reflected to something that appears to be spectacular. For a big newspaper to correct a negative image deriving from being too un-reflected is painful. However, there is also a learning curve. By now, everybody knows double checking is essential. More so: Ethical standards like the ones laid down in the DC Codex on “Public Communications and Trust” are becoming essential.

The problem is with those who believe in fake news. They can’t be influenced by regular media channels. However, such filter bubbles are not a new phenomenon. It was hidden before social media allowed everybody to become a global publisher in their own interest, and it was hidden from “conspiracy activists” who found a loud and global voice. Our societies have begun to recognize the problem. However, the term “conspiracy activist” sounds as if there was only a small problem, that it’s people with limited education and influence. Wrong so! The more people are dissatisfied with our societies or feel cheated by politics and media the more even academics are attracted at least by some of these ideas.

The good thing is that we can no longer ignore the problem. That’s the first step to finding solutions! This cannot be censorship because that would be hiding the problem again! There is no covering up in digital networks. Communications would be hidden again but nevertheless be quite effective, for instance, via Facebook closed groups or WhatsApp. Certainly, many of these radical activists can be heard much louder than ever, and many who hadn’t expressed their discomfort and fears before are now doing so. Not all of them belong into conspiracy corners. But their discomfort opens them to alternative and fake news sources. This creates a spiral that can’t be stopped with bans. In the contrary: Why do you ban anything when it is nonsense?

We must return to the values of our democracies including open debate of ALL opinions, even if we feel hurt. I’m sure we have plenty of arguments and the better ones! By excluding opinions, we prepare the ground for more radicalism, in the worst case we wove them into mainstream. Even worse, our defending democracy may itself bury the freedom it stands for. We must leave our comfort zones and argue rather than cover up. There are many references to the pre-WW I and II period from clever minds. We are in times of rapid change and many have already lost their comfort or social status. There’s similarity, for sure! However, we are living in a different environment: Then, international relations were limited to the elites. Today there is mass tourism and most business is international. Then, wars still were considered to be „Ultima Ratio“, the final logic. Today, most people are aware of the consequence of a new world conflict. Euphoria as in the beginning of WW I seems not to be very likely anymore.

We have the chance to avoid the fatal mistake of our ancestors. Let’s take this chance – it will not return!

DC Commissioner for UN Affairs Jamal Qaiser at the United Nations General Assembly 2016 in New York

Diplomatic Council Statement on Simmering Kashmir a disregarded Linchpin

DIPLOMATIC COUNCIL STATEMENT ON SIMMERING KASHMIR A DISREGARDED LINCHPIN

BY DC Commissioner for UN Affairs Jamal A. Qaiser

Kashmir a rugged land rich in natural resources and nature’s beauty is situated in a very important geo-strategic Asian region. This nature enriched valley has always acted as a bone of contention and has kept the two neighboring south Asian countries Pakistan and India on a dangerous course of confrontation since inception. Both the countries are embroiled in territorial battle over Kashmir for more than six decades. Kashmir conflict has acted as a triggering factor and major acrimonious behind the three wars between the two rivals Pakistan and India. It paved way to fierceness and brought the two countries to the brink of a nuclear catastrophe. Since 1998 it has been described as a nuclear flashpoint. Moreover tremendous drain of resources incurred by two countries on military buildup and arm race has immensely contributed in damaging the economy badly. Hence Kashmir issue appears to be the most thorny, obdurate and intractable dispute between India and Pakistan.

History cannot be brushed away

The history cannot be brushed away. The underlying fact and circumstances that forced Muslims in sub-continent for a freedom struggle which ultimately led to partition was Quaid e Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah’s claim that Muslims being a minority in India were unable to acquire justice and legal rights especially in judicial matters. Before the partition, a resolution was passed on 23rd March 1940 stating that there is a need for Muslims in particular as they were minority in India and their religious, socio-political and cultural rights were being snatched and they were unable to lead their lives according to their religious and ethical values. After a hardcore struggle, partition took place in 1947 on the grounds of social, cultural, religious and geographical criteria.

Almost everything got settled except for the land of Jammu & Kashmir.

At the time of independence, Maharaja Hari Singh, the last ruling Maharaja of the princely state, preferred to remain independent and stay neutral between the successor dominions of India and Pakistan because if he decided for India ,the Muslims get hurt or if he decided for Pakistan the Hindus and Sikh would be unhappy.

But when Pakistani Pashtun tribes attacked Kashmir and the Maharaja faced an uprising by Kashmiri Muslims and lost control of the western districts of his kingdom. In order to override that prevailing Maharaja appealed to the Government of India for assistance and the Governor-General Lord Mountbatten agreed on the condition that the ruler accede to India. Once the Maharaja signed the Instrument of Accession, Indian soldiers entered Kashmir and drove the Pakistani irregulars from all but a small section of the state. The Pakistani government immediately contested the accession, suggesting that it was fraudulent, that the Maharaja acted under duress and that he had no right to sign an agreement with India when the standstill agreement with Pakistan was still in force.

On January 1st 1948, the UN got involved

On 1 January 1948, India took the matter to the United Nations Security Council under Article 35 of the UN Charter and claimed that Pakistani tribesmen had attacked Jammu and Kashmir, which was their territory and requested the Security Council to prevent Pakistan from indulging into the matter. On 20 January 1948, the Security Council passed Resolution 39 establishing a three-member Commission for looking into the matter. Later on the Council increased the size of the Commission to five members and named it United Nations Security Council Resolution 47 on April 21, 1948. The Resolution recommended a three-step process for this disputed territory. In the first round, Pakistan was asked to withdraw its nationals from Kashmir region. The second step was that India was asked to lessen its forces to minimum for regulating law and order. In the third step, India was asked to appoint a plebiscite to determine whether Kashmir wants to be a part of Pakistan or India. The administrator would be nominated by the United Nations Secretary General who would conduct an impartial plebiscite. Though both India and Pakistan raised objections but welcomed mediation by the UN Commission. Subsequently, a cease-fire was achieved. However, a truce was not achieved due to disagreements over the process of demilitarization. Moreover none of the country raised this issue in the international court of justice for a verdict till date.

Presently, India and Pakistan each administer a portion of Kashmir and both claim this Himalayan territory in their entirety and integral territorial region.

It is sad to say that the turmoil in Kashmir valley is transforming into a vicious, ruthless war as the Indian force’s atrocities are creeping and enhancing day by day. If we only take a track back of 2016, then estimates say that the unrest known as Burhan aftermath remitted in death of more than ninety civilians and nearly fifteen thousand injured in the riots along with a 53 consecutive days of curfew imposed by Indian authorities. On 28 March 2017, a clash erupted between Indian security forces and protesters during an operation against a militant in Chadoora in which 3 Kashmiris were killed and at least hundred injured. The Indian security forces used live ammunition, pellets and tear gas against the locals. Around seventy protesting civilian youths were reported arrested from Srinagar, Shopiam. Recently on 9th April 2017 in a by-election for the Srinagar Lok Sabha seat, violence broke out in the region leading to 8 civilian deaths and over 170 injuries. Hence every new sunrise in Kashmir witnesses the Indian army’s devilish acts of tortures and heinous acts of brutalities.
Taking into account the multifaceted dimensions of Kashmir issue and its all-pervasive impacts on India and Pakistan.

The Diplomatic Council Commissioner for UN affairs Mr. Jamal Ahmed Qaiser consider that Kashmir issue is an obstinate and unresolved lingering core issue that has bedeviled and afflicted the two neighbor’s relations and this pending imbroglio needs to be resolved expedite. Pakistan possesses a striving economy and heavy financial budget for the boundary security and military acquisition and up gradation is enfeebling it badly. A huge military budget is being spent by both the countries to contest their rights over Kashmir. Secondly it’s an established fact that Kashmiri people don’t take active part in elections as in the last elections the turnout was only 2 percent which indicated that 98 percent people remained passive and did not vote. This is also a big sign and an indicator for India because its emerging economic market cannot escalate further if this dispute lingers on.

The DC Commissioner For UN Affairs,Mr. Jamal A. Qaiser contemplates that Kashmir issue is an agenda of innocent Kashmiri population whose position appears merely like a lame duck in the whole propagandistic scenario and is of the opinion that need of the hour is cessation of hostilities and conduction of free and fair plebiscite in accordance with the aspirations and consents of locals of Kashmir.

Decades of conflicts full of atrocities

Three wars between India and Pakistan and decades of conflicts full of atrocities have yielded no fruit and are reeling the region under constant political and economic instability. Local strikes, mass rallies, army surveillance and insurgency constantly menaces normal mode of life in Kashmir.

The DC Commissioner for UN Affairs added that these arbitrary arrests, curfews, raids, Indian security force’s check points and extra judicial executions restrict economic activities and promote extremism. Hence Mr. Jamal Ahmed Qaiser deems Kashmir resolution significant and emphasizes that it’s the prerogative and birthright of local Kashmiri people to decide their destiny and no one has the right to snatch their liberty or impose any limitation in this regard.
He emphasized that no military but a peaceful settlement of Kashmir conflict through dialogue, negotiations and mutual cooperation on bilateral level is indispensable for the economic stability and development of both India and Pakistan. A peaceful resolution of Kashmir dispute will create an atmosphere conductive to peace and harmony in the region of south Asia where millions are haunted by poverty and hunger every day. By following an amicable settlement enhanced trade linkages and social contacts would help the two countries in emerging financially influential in the world’s economic market.

4 Steps to Peace

Keeping in view the peaceful impact globally, he has proposed the following agendas:

1- That if Pakistan is supporting in or arming, training or providing logistical support to militants fighting security forces in the troubled Indian state of Kashmir, or if India is using RAW for creating violance in Pakistan, it must be stopped immediately as its against International Laws and humanity.

2- The Diplomatic Council believes that plebiscite is the only authentic and legitimized passage that can create an atmosphere conductive to durable regional harmony and economic stability. A just plebiscite leading to regional trifurcation can result in the rule of majority and free will to prevail.

Both Pakistan and India need to respect the right of self-determination of Kashmiris and give them sovereign entity. Both the countries should work in tandem, avoid sensationalism and condemn fierce acts focusing on a peaceful resolution and affable dialogue.
Plebiscite that If the Kashmiris:

(a)Wants to be a part of India
(b)Wants to be a part of Pakistan
(c)Wants to be Independent

3- International fora and world insinuations such as the United Nations should facilitate and assist dialogue and help the two rivals in patch up for the sake of regional and economic stability and human rights. The Think Tanks like the Diplomatic Council members must come forward and help in such bilateral negotiations between these two countries.

4- If both the countries fail to agree on a final settlement, then this alarming violence in Kashmir issue must be forwarded and refreshed in International Court of Justice without violating any other bilateral agreement .Both the countries must agree upon the final verdict of ICJ respectfully .As it’s a matter of 1.6 billion people on both ends who wish to see a peaceful sub-continent.

Last but not the least, Mr. Jamal A. Qaiser DC Commissioner for UNO Affairs wisely stated that in today’s era it’s not a matter of how much land both countries acquire, they should think on establishing peace, by conducting absolute Justice and build economic stability.

DC Commissioner for UN Affairs Jamal Qaiser at the United Nations General Assembly 2016 in New York

Statement on North Korea by DC Commissioner for UN Affairs Mr. Jamal Qaiser

North Korea, an East Asian state emerging on the globe after Japan relinquished its 35 years occupation of the Korean Peninsula at the end of Second World War and establishing its independence in1948 after splitting away South Korea possesses active nuclear weapons program and has tested nuclear explosive devices in 2006, 2009, 2013 and 2016. Being capable of enriching Uranium and producing weapon grade polonium North Korea has deployed ballistic missiles and in January 2003 Pyongyang withdrew from the treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear weapons (NPT). In December 2015 Kim Jong Un claimed to possess thermonuclear capabilities and on January 6, 2016 North Korea conducted fourth nuclear test. This test prompted great international condemnation. Even China though being her traditional ally endorsed further sanctions against her. North Korea is very much dependent upon China as more than 80 percent of their imports are from China. North Korea is an impoverished and proclaimed enemy Of South Korea which is a US ally. Apart from nuclear proliferations and cyber provocations North Korean supreme leadership has consistently proven to be irrational and impulsive. These circumstances exacerbate the threats because Kim Jong Un incites the west with his aggressive attitude. Hence the whole scenario appears acrimonious and carries with it tendency and potential for escalation.

Since the time North Korea conducted its first nuclear test in October 2006, sanctions have been used as a coercive tool for dealing out the matter. Being all multilateral and bilateral negotiating tracks withered, sanctions were crafted for ceasing nuclear proliferation and steering Pyongyong towards some diplomatic reversal for the provoking. The current sanctions appear quite unsuitable and mismatched. Though sanctions pressure possess vitality in dealing with such issues but they need to be in relevance overall stratagem for bringing about some non-proliferation legislation and systematic regulation for interdicting illicit arms shipment and lessening North Korea’s export earnings. North Korea perceives itself as being confronted by the increasing superiority of the US military. Hence DPRK considers nuclear deterrent as essential to its defense.

The US deployed the air craft carrier USS Carl Vinson in the South China Sea to patrol the increasingly contentious South China Sea despite Beijing’s apprehensions. US claim that the deployment of the anti missile defense system-the terminal high altitude area defense (THAAD) is due to provocative attitude on the Korean Peninsula. Hence despite disagreement over its installation by China and Russia both USA and South Korea have mutually decided to speed up the installation and early activation of this weapon system.

It is a notified fact that in case of war South Korea would be the biggest victim but South Korea allowing weapon deployment like THAAD at their doorstep is equivalent to an international level security threat for other countries lying in that region too. Likewise China considers it a threat to her claims in South China Sea which she deems her territorial and jurisdictional possession. That’s why since the deployment of THAAD China has become tough on Seoul. Initial estimates reveal the Chinese economic pressure could cost the South Korean economy a loss of over $261 billion this year. China has also ordered nationwide military alert and tensions are accelerating on the Peninsula.

The DC Commissioner Mr. Jamal Qaiser perceives that the whole scenario is triggering a rivalry atmosphere among the big powers as USA, China and Russia are the major world players who are being unnerved and drifted towards warfare.
Mr. Qaiser has hallmarked the desideratum of insinuating such remodeled policies that have the tendency to retrench and truncate the prevailing tensions.

Mr. Jamal Ahmed Qaiser’s first proposal stresses upon the need of formulation of a commission which can keep a check and balance on the overall situation with a multi dimensional aim of facilitating diplomatic political process, assisting in military disarmament, changing antagonistic perceptions, ceasing some sanctions if deemed necessary, thus paving way for reintegration of combatants and restoring the rule of law.

Second proposal of Mr. Qaiser emphasizes on such policy formation that ensures pacific settlement and advices that no country should initiate any military strike as North Korea possesses weapons of mass destruction and any aggressive move can lead to devastating consequences.

DC Commissioner’s third proposal stresses upon the need of employing affable dialogical model that can lead to an amicable settlement. In order to override the vulnerability of this currently simmering tension and intra-state atrocities, he believes to dust off all propagandistic and antagonistic deeds and dress up a new frame work conductive to global peace, prosperity and progression, manifested for universal opulence and burgeon.

He stresses that China along with Russia should work for a peaceful agreement as regime change from outside is not at all an option to avail.

Mr. Jamal Qaiser says that the current circumstances in which USA and North Korea are hailing against each other and Russia and China are erecting defense infrastructure for their territorial defense, UNO should act as a beacon of positive hope. By dint of the powers vested in its charter it is the foremost forum possessing the potential of addressing issues that transcend national boundaries. Hence he says that the need of the hour is that UNO dictates such validate peace building reforms that lead to conflict resolution, imperative for global peace and harmony thus ensuring a harmonious and peaceful scenario to prevail around the globe.

DC Commissioner for UN Affairs Jamal Qaiser at the United Nations General Assembly 2016 in New York

Diplomatic Council proposes 10 Step Plan for Peace in Syria

The DC Commissioner for UN affairs Mr. Jamal Qaiser developed a peace plan for Syria after the Khan Shaykhun chemical attack which took place in Syria on 4 April 2017 on the town of Khan Shaykhun has been declared as the deadliest  chemical attack in Syria since the Ghouta chemical attack in 2013. The town was reported to have been struck by a heavy airstrike by government forces followed by massive civilian chemical poisoning. The release of the toxic gas, likely sarin, killed at least 74 people and injured more than 557, according to the Idlib health authority resources.

INTERNATIONAL FORASTANCE AND BLAME GAME

The opposition groups say that the Syrian air force dropped chemical bombs on innocent civilians. According to the statement of Syrian government officials the government does not and has not used chemical weapons. President Vladimir Putin said the attack might be a provocation. On April 11, Vladimir Putin suggested that the chemical attack was a false flag operation intended to discredit the Syrian government

According to the US government, the Syrian government under Assad was behind the chemical attack, and the Syrian jets carried out the bombing of a rebel stronghold. On the morning of 7 April, 2017, the United States launched 59 cruise missiles on Shayrat Airbase, a Syrian airfield near Shayrat, believed to be the base for the aircraft that carried out the chemical attack.

WIEVS OF OPCW

The Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) expressed “serious concern” and said that its Fact-Finding Mission in Syria was “gathering and analyzing information from all available sources.  Amnesty International said the evidence points to an “air-launched chemical attack”, while the World Health Organization (WHO) said that victims carried the signs of exposure to nerve agents.

UNITED NATIONS PERSPECTIVE

France called for an emergency meeting of the United Nations Security Council after this devastating attack. France, Britain, and the United States (the permanent members of the Security Council), circulated a draft to the Council’s 15 members condemning the chemical attack in Syria.

BASIS UNDERPINNING SYRIAN UPRISING

According to Mr. Qaiser following are the root causes of the dilemma being faced in Syria:

_ Political repression
_ Discredited ideology
_ Uneven economic conditions
_ Population surge
_State violence
_Minority Rule
_Persistent tensions and derogatory attitude
_ Increased acrimony and race of power
_Decreased solidarity and strategic vision
The Syrian Chemical attack raises the following questions in Mr. Qaiser’s opinion:
1. What kind of benefit will USA get from this devastating attack?
2. Is this blatant terrorism act victimizing innocents especially children the solution?
3. Is the United Nations Charta so meaningless and worthless for a big power that its violation is insignificant in their eyes?

KEY ELEMENTS FOR SYRIAN CONFLICT DIMINUTION

Mr. Jamal Qaiser, Diplomatic Council Commissioner for UN Affairs has proposed the following 10 step plan to bring peace to Syria:

1. Emphasize legitimacy
2. Take diplomatic measures
3. Assist conciliations, arbitrations and mediations
4. Maintain flexibility
5. Keep issue and power proportional
6. Seek common grounds
7. Resist aggression
8. Negotiate through dialogue and mutual co operation
9. Display commitment
10. Avoid sensationalism

POLICY-RELEVANT IMPLICATIONS FOR IRADICATING VIOLENCE IN SYRIA IN VIEW OF MR.QAISER:

1. A diplomatic negotiation with Assad for resolution.
2. Affable dialogue among western powers to resolve the issue.
3. Formulation of a Muslim-led convoy for gathering all on one table and settling the conflict.
4. Finding out ways to stem the flow of European fighters to Syria, arresting individuals suspected of planning to travel to Syria or who are recruiting others to do so, stopping the flow of masses to these conflict zones by confiscating passports on security grounds, detaining the returning fighters under laws that criminalize training in terrorist camps etc.

OBLIGATIONS ON UNITED NATIONS REGARDING SYRIAN UNREST

Being the world’s sole truly universal organization, the DC Commissioner believes that the diplomatic council is the foremost forum possessing tendency to address issues that transcend national boundaries and cannot be resolved by any country acting alone individually. By dint of its unique international character and powers vested in its charter, it has the force to take actions against issues confronting humanity, thus establishing framework for international peace and security, promoting sustainable social and economic progress worldwide.

In Mr. Qaiser’s opinion all needed in case of Syrian chemical attack is an investigation that would require well equipped professional corps, indigenous and international, fully trained and well equipped with peace building competency for conflict prevention, management and resolutions of matters ultimately. Syrian issue need to be settled peacefully and non-coercively so that the lives of innocent Syrian civilians are not endangered.
Conclusion

The Syrian ongoing conflict has presented challenges to the international community. The Ghouta chemical attacks, The Khan Shaykhun chemical attack , the call of the opposition for the regime change and the sectarian rivalry make the crisis in Syria one of the most troublesome conflicts in the last years. The Syrian war is the key factor that facilitated the emergence of ISIS. . The chemical weapons attack not only enhances atrocities globally but also victimizes innocents especially children.

According to Mr. Jamal Qaiser’s point of view the UN Sectary General should take such diplomatic measures that keep intra-state and inter-state tensions and issues from escalating into violent conflicts. He emphasizes war is not a solution at all. Bombings and killing of innocents can itself be regarded as an act of terrorism and hence is against the charter of United Nations therefore investigations need to be carried out against this unlawful act on the Syrian land. So, according to him instead of just behaving like a condemner and expressing deprecatory attitude the United Nation (global think tank) needs to:

WAKE UP AND SMEEL THE COFFEE

Carry out investigation of the brutal Syrian chemical attack, arrange a meet up of western powers and Muslim convoy on one round table, formulate some coercive policies for tackling the matter and resolve/settle the uprisings and unrest peacefully, affably and amicably through dialogue and negotiations in accordance with the UN Charta protecting the lives of innocent civilians of Syria.